Endocrinology involves the study of the proper functioning of our body's internal (endocrine) glands and the regulation of hormonal balance. These glands include the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, adrenal glands, ovaries, testes, and pancreas.
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Symptoms of hormonal disorders:
If we experience the following clusters of symptoms, it is likely that there are underlying endocrinological issues. It is advisable to visit an endocrinology clinic to clarify whether a disease is indeed present.
These symptoms may indicate endocrine disorders:
The parathyroid glands are responsible for conditions such as osteoporosis or increased bone formation, tendency for kidney stones, increased susceptibility to muscle cramps, muscle weakness, vision impairment, cardiac arrhythmias, blood pressure problems, abdominal complaints, and mood disorders. The first sign of parathyroid disease is an abnormal calcium level, which can be detected through routine blood tests. The symptoms and manifestations of parathyroid diseases are consequences of persistently high (hypercalcemia) or low (hypocalcemia) levels of calcium in the blood. Symptoms caused by high calcium levels include:
Symptoms caused by low calcium levels include:
Underactivity of the adrenal cortex. Symptoms may include constant fatigue, exhaustion after rest, chills, and forgetfulness. Decreased libido and thinness in the abdominal area are also associated with this symptom complex related to the adrenal glands.
Elevated levels of the cortisol hormone produced by the adrenal cortex. Symptoms include high blood pressure and characteristic weight gain in the trunk and face.
Conn's syndrome refers to a hormone-related (endocrine) disease known as adrenal-origin high blood pressure, where the levels of a hormone called aldosterone significantly increase. The excessive production of aldosterone hormone by the adrenal cortex leads to muscle weakness and high blood pressure that cannot be controlled with typical antihypertensive medications. This condition is known as Conn's disease.
In a healthy individual, this hormone is responsible for regulating blood pressure by controlling the balance of salt and water in the body. Its function is to retain sodium and potassium in the body, along with water. Excessive production of this hormone leads to stubborn hypertension that cannot be adequately reduced with medication. Often, this is the symptom that draws attention to the disease.
If unexplained weight gain, abdominal bloating, hair loss, rising blood pressure, fatigue, malaise, constant irritability, and attention deficits are present, along with unsuccessful attempts at conception, it is likely that insulin resistance is the cause, which is closely related to the mentioned PCOS syndrome.
Certain cells become less responsive to insulin, resulting in reduced glucose uptake. In a healthy body, resources are optimized, meaning that if there is no sugar to be taken into the body, the beta cells in the pancreas do not produce insulin. In response, the pancreas produces more insulin, resulting in elevated blood sugar levels and, consequently, elevated insulin levels. High blood sugar levels damage tissues, while high insulin levels cause dysfunctional functioning in certain organs.
If this condition persists over time, it can lead to diabetes as the pancreas eventually becomes exhausted and stops producing insulin. Another consequence can affect the ovaries, which suffer from excessive insulin production.
Women with insulin resistance experience abdominal obesity due to disruption of metabolic balance. The dysfunction of the ovaries leads to missed or irregular menstrual cycles.
Untreated insulin resistance can cause infertility or difficulties in conceiving. Increased hair growth and skin problems are also signs of insulin resistance.
An accurate and precise diagnosis requires close collaboration between a gynecologist and an endocrinologist. It involves detailed medical history, gynecological examination, ultrasound examination, and blood tests.
Diseases of the Ovaries
During the consultation, the endocrinologist extensively interviews the patient about their symptoms and medical history. Subsequently, laboratory tests are ordered to investigate the hormones involved in the specific problem. In further consultations, the results are evaluated, and the necessary therapy is determined, in collaboration with other specialties.
At our medical center, it is possible to support the diagnosis with laboratory tests within certain endocrine screening packages. Typically, hormone tests are performed on-site. If necessary, additional imaging tests (X-ray, isotope imaging, CT, MRI, bone density measurement) can be arranged. During follow-up appointments, the specialist summarizes the results, adjusts the therapy, provides advice to the patient, and discusses the timing of follow-up examinations.
During the consultation, our trained consultant will perform a suitability test and assess your health condition. They will also develop a personalized treatment plan tailored to your needs. If necessary, our consultant may recommend a medical consultation.
Endocrinologist - Internist - specialist examination 34 000 HUF
Endocrinologist - Internist - specialist control within 3 months 28 000 HUF
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